The Rural Technology Park of National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati
Raj, Hyderabad has been established with a view to uplifting the rural people in
all aspects of life such as capacity building, rural employment generation and livelihood
etc. It is established in an area of 65 acres of land with a scope to envisage for
transfer of technology through live demonstrations. The development of RTP has been
dived into various categories to cater to the needs of the rural people.
- Live demonstration/dissemination of cost-effective, local resource based and environment
friendly technologies of different sectors of Rural Development
- Provide functional
exposure to replicable models to meet location-specific, season-specific and social
- Promote participative-cum-partnership collaboration between
frontline / forward demonstration teams, other official and NGO institutions of
- Facilitate transfer of technologies to users and help improve the operational
skills to produce high quality products
- Link users and institutions (PRIs, NGOs,
CBOs) with technology developer / suppliers
RTP-NIRDPR- is a place, where a variety of models of rural technologies are showcased
with practical demonstration, in other words Training cum Production Centre. RTP
spread across 65 acres in NIRDPR. RTP is an instrument in disseminating appropriate
and affordable rural technologies to villages through dynamic approach. RTP is run
on Partnership basis with the active participation of individual entrepreneurs,
NGOs and government agencies. The guiding principles of RTP include use of local
resources, cost-effectiveness, eco-friendly and blending tradition with modern technologies.
Rural Housing, Renewable energy and natural resource management and Skill development
& Promotion of entrepreneurship.
- Adoption of technologies
- Employment Generation
- Women Empowerment
- Enhancement of Economic Status
- Poverty Reduction
- Sustainable development
The National Building Centre in RTP brings together a range of cost-effective construction
technologies with variety of materials, technologies and blends the old and new
techniques of construction. The technologies depicted are suitable for disaster-prone
locations viz., earthquake, cyclone, fire etc. These structures are erected utilising
the locally available resources and skills of the people. The cost of construction
will be in the range of 25% 40% less than that of the cost with conventional construction
at that particular place. The variation of cost is depending on the soil typology
and locally available resources. Over 40 technologies are depicted in the 15 structures
in this centre. All these structures are eco-friendly and environment-friendly with
green building concept.
Training programmes are conducted through this unit in the assembling of a Solar
lantern, street lights and in the installation and management of the street lights
and guiding/assisting in the establishment of solar lantern assembling units in
the rural areas.
Rural Sanitation Park
Appropriate low cost-low water sanitation models (23 nos.) have been placed in the
RTP with the focus on three areas vis. Low cost; low water usage; and solid and
liquid waste disposal for gainful agricultural & for other activities.
- Waterless Urinals Technology
Water Harvesting Technologies
Established water harvesting structures by adopting the technologies such as construction
of funds, tanks, field channels, contour trenching, staggered trenching, gully control
structures etc., to harvest the rain water besides the showcasing of roof water
A solar house has been set up in Rural Technology Park to propagate and transfer
the solar technologies like assembling of solar lanterns, home lighting systems
and street lighting etc., to the rural areas. A number of villages have been electrified
with solar home lighting system by the RTP in the most in-accessible areas of Andhra
Pradesh, Odisha, Haryana, Bihar, Telangana and Chhattisgarh . In addition to the
solar energy development, wind energy is also established in RTP as a part of the
renewable energy development. A 5 KW solar power unit and 3.65 KW of wind power
units have been set up and the power is being used for the office premises.
Biogas originates from bacteria in the process of bio-degradation of organic material
under anaerobic (without air) conditions. In the absence of oxygen, anaerobic bacterial
decompose organic matter and produce a gas mainly composed of methane (60%) and
carbon dioxide called biogas. This gas can be compared to natural gas which is 99%
methane. There are two kinds of biogas plants, KVIC model-1 unit and Balaji model-2.
The innovative biogas technology was installed at RTP with the technical collaboration
of Centre of Science for Villages (CSV), Wardha. The biogas models are being used
for demonstration and production of bio-gas being used for electricity generation
and cooking purpose.
Rural Technology Entrepreneurship
To build the capacity of rural entrepreneurs through training and skill promotion
in various eco-friendly and employment intensive industries like Handmade papers,
Natural Dyeing, Home based products, Honey processing, Neem processing, Cultivation
of Medicinal & Aromatic plants, Food processing, Vermicomposting, fashion technology
& garments making, pearls processing, Soybean foods, Herbal Cosmetics etc. These
prototype units are housed in the Rural Technology Park and through them transfer
of technologies to the rural areas are made to generate employment on a sustainable
basis. Training programmes are conducted as a capacity building to the rural entrepreneurs.
Cost Effective Rural Housing Technologies
Housing is central to enhancement of quality of life for accessing all basic amenities
like drinking water & sanitation, heath, education, lighting/ electricity, connectivity,
livelihoods etc. Conventionally rural habitants prefer to build houses with locally
available materials such as Mud ,thatch, bamboo, and stones that are the cheapest
with their house building skills and indigenous knowledge relating to the aspects
of availability, utility, workability, cost and durability.
The National Institute of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj (NIRD&PR), in Hyderabad
established Rural Building Centre in RTP, which acts as a platform for exhibiting
the most important field tested, flooring, walling and roofing technological options
that are marked by feasibility of construction in rural areas blending old and new
techniques, acceptance by various diverse social groups, and cost effective, stable
& durable models withstanding the vagaries of monsoons, various geo-climatic conditions
and disaster prone locations viz., Earth Quake, Cyclones, Floods and Fire across
rural India and resistant even in multi hazard conditions. The Rural Building Centre
was further developed and strengthened by taking in to consideration the different
typologies that are existing across the length and breadth of the country for specific
typologies of Himalayan, Sikkim, North eastern side housing typologies like Bamboo
walling structures (which is also called as Ekra walling, Wardha type of houses
in Central India and the famous Laurie Baker designs from Habitat in South India.
The plans of the structures are replicable to the typology of the concerned region.
These structures so developed save the cost of construction the extent of 25 to
40% less than the conventional costs. However, the actual variation of the cost
saving depended on the type of typology as indicated above.
The list of Technologies Adopted in the Construction at RTP
- Arch Foundations
- Rat – Trap bonding brick work for walling
- R R Stone Masonry Walling in Super
- C C blocks walling
- Fly ash bricks
- Adobe Mud Blocks & Tile facing Adobe Mud blocks walls.
- Cement stabilized mud blocks
- Rammed earth walling and columns
- Wattle & Daub walling
- Mud walling
- C R Stone masonry
- Hollow concrete Blocks
- Mangalore tile roofing
- Conical tile arch roofing
- Filler slab
- Arch roofing
- Micro concrete tile roofing
- Ferro – Cement Channel roofing
- Brick Dome roof
- Ferro cement arch roofing
- Bamboo corrugated sheet roofing
- Pre cast RCCpanels over pre cast joists
- Mud plastering to the mud block walls
- Non-erode able mud plaster to the walls
- Lime plaster
- Corbelling windows lintel
- Bamboo paneled doors and windows
- Shabad stone flooring
Solar Energy Workshop
In due recognition to the importance the sanitation is attached in enhancing the
quality of rural life, appropriate low cost-low water sanitation devices were showcased
in the Rural Technology Park as a part of the National Rural Building Centre. Each
model designed, developed and established to demonstrate something special, either
in respect of localavailability of the materials or adoption of a particular practice
or a technique to save either water or environment. The focus was essentially on
three areas: low cost; low water usage; and, most importantly, solid and liquid
disposal for gainful agricultural activities. Besides, designing pans with locally
available building materials,altering the slope of pans,redesigned sanitation pans
weredeveloped to enhance the efficiency. The two–pit system that facilities safe
recycling of liquid and solid waste for gainful agriculture practices was also showcased.
The models have been grouped broadly under the following heads;
- Conventional toilet system
- Domestic sanitation models with the use of cost effective construction materials
School sanitation model
- Aganwadi sanitation model
- Community model
Waste water management
- Animal waste management
- Solid waste management
The models displayed in the park provided useful insights for rural development
functionaries, NGOs and all others participating in various programs organized in
the institute, who are involved in planning and implementation of sanitation schemes
in rural areas. This will help the trainees and visitors to understand the relative
merits and demerits of the conventional sanitation model-septic tank-other models
to enable comparative evaluation.
The following are the different types of Sanitation Models available in Rural Sanitation
- Conventional Model Based on Septic Tank
- Two Pit latrine with Flap Seal Pan and Brick Work
- Twin Pit Latrine with
- Twin Pit Latrine with Pre cast concrete blocks
twin pit toilet with bricks
- Circular twin pit toilet with pre cast RCC rings
Bamboo Mat Ply Superstructure
- Bamboo Reinforced Leach Pit
- Single Leach
Pit Toilet with P-Trap Pan
- Burnt Clay Segment Leach Pit
- Modified Midnapur
- Eco-Sanitation Toilet
- Anganwadi Toilet Block
- School Sanitation
Toilet Block Model
- Community Toilet & Urinal Block
- Soak Pit for Bathroom
- Spill Water Recycling Model
- Household Vermi Compost Unit
Nadep Compost Unit
- Deenbandhu Biogas Plant with Toilet
- Gappi Fist Tank
The solar initiative at the National Institute of Rural Development & Panchayati
Hand Made Paper
The solar energy unit , as part of renewable energy park, has been established at
the NIRD to facilitate solar energy technology transfer in collaboration with Social
Work Research Centre (SWRC), Tilonia, Rajasthan. SWRC trained four illiterate women
at Tilonia in fabricating, wiring and setting up solar energy systems. After completion
of their training, these women established the rural energy workshop at the rural
technology park at NIRD as a production cum training and maintenance facility. They
fabricated 100 solar lanterns including assembling of PCBs. Alongside, they installed
a 5 KWP solar generating unit.
The uniqueness of this initiative at NIRD is that it has shown that even illiterate
women can be trained in the production, operation and maintenance of the solar energy
systems. In fact, where rural communities have been trained and given competencies
to maintain the systems at the village level only, particularly women, the solar
energy facility extension has pvoved successful and sustainable.
In Andhra Pradesh two tribal villages namely Pusulapalem and Thamingula of Paderu
mandal, visakhapatnam district were identified for transfer of solar energy technology.
Solar Lighting Products Unit
Realizing the importance of providing access to affordable and reliable energy especially
in the rural areas NIRD has taken up the mission of propagating solar energy so
as to promote lighting up the rural areas where there is no proper grid power availability.
In this effort NIRD has identified in the 12th Rural Technology and crafts Mela
a manufacturing unit namely Thrive Solar Energy Private Limited Hyderabad (an ISO
9001:2008 Company, crisil rated and a direct channel partner of MNRE) which has
been working in this field and promoting affordable solar lighting products and
the unit of the said company is established in Rural Technology Park under PPP arrangement.
Through this unit NIRD is providing awareness and training to the interested persons
specially one from the rural areas in the assembling of the solar lighting products
and in the maintenance of solar street lights etc. This unit in RTP is one of the
attractions for all those visiting NIRD RTP and serving the objectives of RTP i.e
propagating the benefits of solar energy and helping the people in the adoption
of Green Energy.
Solar Freezers, Dehydrators & Power Generation Unit
Realizing the need for promoting value based agricultural products to help the farmers
in getting better income for the agricultural produce and to save the fishermen
from the disaster of fish catched RTP has been making efforts for establishment
of dehydration devices. In this process in the 12th Rural Technology Mela identified
Teewave Powertech Private Limited which has been working on said technologies and
got their unit established at RTP under PPP arrangement.
It is a technology oriented company concentrating mainly on Solar freezers, solar
dehydrators to up-lift the standard of living of tribal and rural population and
fishermen, Thermo electric power generating devises producing power from waste heat
of cooking stoves mainly for rural electrification.
It also a manufacturer of a special life improvement ESCD carbide coating devise
to improve the life of agricultural implements for the benefit of farmers.
The main concept of the technology is to avoid wastage of agricultural produce at
farm level by introducing solar freezers to preserve agri produce from decay, to
preserve catch fish and to produce hygiene dry fish for fishermen using solar dehydrators
and to transport vegetables, fruits, fresh fish etc in solar reefer trucks.
Considering the lack of power supply in rural and tribal areas, the concept of hybrid
solar- thermo electric power generating systems using the waste heat from cooking
stoves helps in providing a self generated small power to meet the lighting requirement
without depending on the grid power.
Through this unit the farmers, fisherman and entrepreneurs are expose to the various
solar dehydration technologies and impart training in the same through the unit
besides propagating the technology of power generation through waste heat.
Solar Home Lighting and Street Lighting Products – Making and Assembly Unit
Solar Photovoltaics (SPV) helps in converting solar energy directly into electrical
energy. Photons (an atomicparticle) present in solar rays striking the atoms of
semi conducting solar devices free its electrons. This leads to the flow of free
electrons i.e. electrical current.
- Solar Modules making plant
- Solar LED lights making plant
- Solar pumping plant
- Lowest cost solar
Activity / Project
Proposed Machines & Equipment
Solar LED lighting division
Pick and Place machine for PCB components mounting
Reflow machine for PCB components
Screen Printing and fibre laser machine
Home Lighting Systems
Epoxy resin Unit Ovens
Soldering Irons, Oscilloscopes, All necessary tools
Solar Modules making division
Laser Cutting machine
Tabbing,Stringing & Layup equipment
Lamination machine, Module Tester
Module Framing & Cutting Machine
Sheet Bending machine, Pipe bending m/c, Pipe Cutting m/c
The Handmade paper manufacturing enterprise has emerged as one of the important
livelihood options in rural India. Handmade paper is a layer of entwined fibers
and held together by the natural bonding properties of cellulose fibers.
The handmade paper industry has emerged as one of the important livelihood options
for the rural people. The technology is simple, successful and quite easy. It is
based on the recycling of all waste material through user – cum – gender friendly
process thereby can provide livelihoods for the rural poor. From the handmade paper,
simple value addition gives a good profit returns.
Raw Material: Cotton rags, hosiery cuttings, Silk rags and handmade paper
waste and agro wastes, such as banana, jute, and mulberry are required to make handmade
paper. Since the inputs are mostly raw material wastes, it is low cost and eco-friendly
Finished Products: Some of the items produced in the Hand Made Paper Making
and Paper Conversion unit includes stationary, note books, scribbling pads, file
covers, folders, carry bags, visiting and invitation cards, gifts and novelties
like albums, photo frames and gift boxes, lamp shades, wall papers etc.
Machinery Required: includes Beater, Screw Press, Calendar Machine, Sheet
Former, Cutting Machine, Hydraulic Press, Vat Machine.
Sorting & Dusting
Raw material sorted by hand to remove foreign particles to avoid contamination of
The sorted out raw – materials are chopped either manually or by mechanized rag
The chopped rags are converted into a fine pulp in a Hollander beater and mixed
with water and adhesives
The pulp is transferred in to a vat
The wet paper sheet then transferred onto a cloth or felt pieces of fabric
The wet paper is then pressed under a press to take out the water from inside the
Drying & Finishing
The paper after so pressed is dried under sum and is then finished to smooth
Packaging cleaning and sizing
After drying, the sheets are inspected and the dust particles are removed
This process is done to make the paper smooth
Finally the sheets are cut in required sizes – Normal size is 22” x 30”
Vermi Composting & Culture
Enterprise based on natural dyes of plant origin , emerged as a popular promising
eco-friendly livelihood option for many of the weavers and rural artisans. Natural
Dyes are derived from naturally occurring sources like vegetables, flowers, fruits,
rinds, seeds, branches, plants with a very little chemical processing. But now the
market and the tastes of people are changing fast and the hazards to chemical dyes
have forced environmentalist to think in terms of natural products.
Details of Important Natural Dyes (Vegetable Dyes)
Materials used for dyeing
Extract of wood
Silk, Wool, Leather, Cotton, Bamboo, Kora-green and other fibres
Silk, Wool, Leather, Cotton, Bamboo, Kora-green and other fibres
Dust on the Capsule of Fruit
Dark Yellow to Orange
Silk and Wool
Silk, Wool, Leather, fibres Cotton, Bamboo, Kora-green, and food stuffs
Yellow, Khaki, and Black
Silk,Wool,Leather, fibres Cotton, Bamboo, Kora-green, and food stuffs
Silk,Wool,Leather, fibres Cotton, Bamboo, Kora-green, and food stuffs
The dye material is always powdered well, to facilitate proper and maximum extraction.
The required dye material is always soaked overnight, before extraction. On the
next day this material is added to the required quantity of water & boiled for about
30 to 40 minutes. The pre -treated yarn is taken in damp condition, immersed into
boiling hot dye extract & worked thoroughly for 45 minutes to an hour. A strict
watch is maintained while dyeing to obtain a uniform & even shade, maintaining a
constant temperature. The yarn is constantly rotated up & down in the dye bath with
the help of two wooden or bamboo rods. After this the yarn is removed, excess water
is squeezed & is dried in the shade. This dyeing process time takes about 40 to
45 minutes. The dye house is equipped to dye 100 kgs of yarn. The production orders
come from DAMA producer groups and few master weavers.
Material used for Dyeing
Silk, Wool, Leather, Cotton, Bamboo, Kora-green and other fibres Silk, wool silk
and food stuff silk.
Reaction vessel SS 304, Frames, Cutting Machine, Trays, Boiler run on bio-diesel/brickets,
Manual stamping machine, Manual wrapping machine, water softener and laboratory
Medicinal Plant Nursery
Vermi composting being a Bio-fertilizer emerged as one of the promising livelihood
option providing soil fertility Improvements, better nutrient recycling , ecological
security , nutritional security, and livelihood security on the way to the achievement
of sustainable rural development through promotion of organic farming . Vermi compost
is organic manure for all types of crops and plantations and is the fecal matter
appearing as dark-brownish granular material, which is odorless, excreted by earthworms,
after consuming and digesting bio degradable wastes cow dung, agro-waste, kitchen
waste etc. Average Nutrient Content (% of Dry Matter) of Vermi Compost being 1.60
(Nitrogen) 1.32 (Phosphorous) 0.67 (Potassium).
Vermi compost is a preferred nutrient source for organic farming. Vermi compost
is an organic manure (bio-fertilizer) which can be produced by earth worm feeding
on biological waste material plant residues. It is eco-friendly, non-toxic, consumes
low energy input for composting and is a recycled biological product. This can be
adopted by the village community as an additional income source and manure for their
Vermi culture: Process of multiplying earthworms
Vermi compost: Fecal matter appearing as dark – brownish granular material,
which is odorless, excreted by earthworms, after consuming and digesting bio degradable
wastes cow dung, agro waste, kitchen waste etc.,
Vermi wash: liquid produced through the use of earthworms, which contains
micronutrients and hormones, used as foliar spray.
Application / Use
- Vermi compost is organic manure for all types of crops and plantations
wash as foliar spray for all types of crops and plantations
- Faster production
of manure in a year (3-4 times more) than conventional methods of composting
Regular use improves soil health, fertility, structure (makes soil loose and arable
and facilitates better aeration and drainage even in heavy clay soils) and creates
favorable conditions for healthy plant growth and development
- Used as a carrier
medium for bio fertilizers
- Complete and balanced plant food. Improves crop yield
- Meets increasing demand for naturally grown food products
Average Nutrient Content (% of Dry Matter)
Vermi Compost 1.60(Nitrogen) 1.32 (Phosphorous) 0.67 (Potassium)
Pretreatment of Composting Material
Formation of Bed
- Avoid fresh cow dung, green leaves or any part of living plant, which is hard. Shredding
is recommended for hard matter. Avoid non-bio degradable material, such as, polythene
bags, plastics, glass, etc.
- Use only partly decaying or partly digested organic
matter as feed substrate for worms
- Add cattle dung up to 50% to provide bacterial
inoculation for enhancing decomposition
- Spread in alternate layers of dung and
leaf litter or any organic waste
- Partial decomposition in open area in a pit/heap
is strongly recommended
- Periodic watering quickens partial decomposition
4-5 weeks required for partial decomposition
Spread a 10 cms thick layer of decomposable organic matter such as grasses, coconut
fiber, sugarcane waste etc as bedding material.
Spread partially decomposed cattle dung and organic waste or dry biogas slurry on
top of the bedding layer in an inverted ‘U’ shape till a height of 0.75 m
Regular watering to keep it damp all the time
Impregnating / Maintenance of the Bed
Do not impregnate or thrust worms into active compost. They will be killed due to
Wait for 2-3 weeks till the bed is cooled
Release worms on top of the bed in a shallow furrow @ 1000 per 1 sq.m of bed space
and cover it thoroughly with compost
Sprinkle water: Always keep the surface layer of the bed moist, but not soggy
Spread on the top of layer of the bed, a long gunny cloth 4ft wide to cover the
Always maintain favorable moisture and cool conditions. Moisture level 40 to 50%.
Temperature 25 to 40 degrees Celsius
One earth worm increases to 300 in one year
Earth worms prefer nitrogen rich diet-Azolla, an aquatic water fern. 100 to 200
grams per each cubic meter once in a month helps in rapid multiplication
Excess water flooding – will be harmful
Harvesting of Compost
First lot may take 90 days
Subsequent cycle may take only 35 to 45 days depending on the density of worms
Stop watering before 2 days of harvesting. Allow earth worms to burrow into the
bottom before taking out the compost
The finished compost then heaped in conical shapes piles on the surface of the bed
Collect the top portion of the pile in stages using hands. Sieve before packing
It is a culture basket prepared to multiply the worms. Earthworms are maintained
in a small tank or basket. These baskets should contain mixed old compost and soil.
Vermi wash can be made in plastic or mud or cement container having attached tap
system to remove water and this container should be approximately ten to twenty
litres capacity. It is filled as follows:-
Layer one: Bricks and Pebbles
Layer Two: Soil and old Compost
Third Layer: Green leaves or Kitchen waste
Earthworms are later introduced into the container
Water droplets are added at the top through a pot. Earth worms make top to down
movement which creates holds in the substances through which the water passes and
get settled at bottom. The same could be collected as vermi wash
Medicinal Plant Nursery offers potential livelihood option to many of the farming
communities in view of its greater importance attached in the alternate medicinal
system that is , of late , replacing the use of allopathic medicines that have more
side affects. The Ayurvedic Medicine (AM) based on the medicinal plants has been
proved to be more scientific as was envisaged traditionally in ‘Artharva Veda’ way
back in 1500 BC in ancient India.
There is a need to revitalize, promote, consolidate, advance and strengthen the
system since it is facing many changes such as, scarcity of herbs due to over exploitation
and deforestation in view of its natural quality and safety.
Objectives of Medicinal Plants Unit
To spread awareness, preserve and promote herbal cultivation and to revitalize the
TM sector, a Medicinal Plants Nursery has been established in the Rural Technology
Park, with the objective to revive and popularize local health traditions particularly
in rural areas and transfer best cultivation practices on commercial basis as livelihood
ventures particularly for tribal people dependent on forest areas. Furthermore,
the unit is assigned the task of production of common herbal products for usage
in rural areas.
Indiscriminate use of chemical pesticides has led to the problems of pest resistance,
soil ill heath , advancement of minor pest to major pest due to the death of natural
enemies, and high levels of environmental pollution corrupting the food chain as
well as natural resources base . The growing concern of these problems led to popularization
of the concept of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in which biological agents play
a very important role owing to their host-specific and eco-friendly nature. Of these,
Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) accounts for 95% of the world market of microbial pest
control agents due to the twin advantages of safety to natural enemies, honey bees
etc. and its rapid action against target insect pests. It is highly effective against
several lepidopteran pests of economic importance.
Mode of Action of Bt.
Bacillus thuringiensis is a soil bacterium which produces a crystal toxin during
its growth and multiplication. The crystal toxin on ingestion by the insect larvae
gets dissolved in the alkaline gut juice and broken down by the enzymes to release
the active toxin. This active toxin binds to the cells lining the gut and causes
rupture of the cells. The larva stops feeding within few hours and dies within 2-5
days. Bt is available commercially under the trade names Dipel, Halt, Delfin etc.,
and is recommended as a foliar spray. Bt can withstand higher temperatures and can
be used like any other normal insecticide. The potential of Bt in insect pest management
is amply proven with commercial Bt formulations. However large scale exploitation
in pest management has not gained momentum due to the prohibitive cost and restricted
availability of the commercially available products particularly so far a crop of
low income returns.
Advantages of Bt. based bio-pesticides
Are target specific and efficacious
Ecologically safe with no toxicity to humans, animals and non target insects including
beneficial insects at the recommended doses.
Easy to use with conventional sprayers
Ensure Consistent Performance in various ecologically diverse habitats and pose
no significant resistance problems.
Non phytotoxic, biodegradable and do not pollute the environment
CompaTRIBAL with other control methods including chemical treatments, natural parasites
and predators thereby forming an important component in integrated pest management.
Bacillus thuringiensis in the management of insect pests
Two to three sprays of Bt (at a dose 1.0 – 1.5 g/l depending on the stage of the
larva) at 10 days interval should be undertaken for the management of castor semilooper
based on the pest incidence. For best results, sprays should be undertaken when
the larvae are in 2nd or 3rd instar. For management of H.armigera on red gram, three
sprays of Bt. (2.5g/l) need to be undertaken from initiation of flowering at 10
Botanical Pesticides – Neem Seed Processing and Oil Extraction
Trichogramma parasitized eggs safely packed in packets, serve as bio-pesticides
offering tremendous livelihood options in promotion of organic product manufacturing,
pollution control, ecological restoration, enhancement of soil fertility providing
livelihood security, food safety , nutritional security leading to sustainable rural
development. There is a great demand for the organic food products both nationally
and internationally as they fetch whose profits to the entrepreneurs.
Pests and diseases that attack crops cause 20-90 per cent loss in yield, when conditions
are favorable. Excessive use of synthetic insecticides over the past several decades
has resulted in development of resistance in insect pests to commonly used insecticides,
resurgence of minor pests to major pests and thereby posing a serious problem in
their management. Therefore, the need for adopting integrated pest management (IPM)
is gaining importance. Release of trichogramma egg parasitoids is one of the important
components in IPM. Trichogramma egg parasitoids are effective on several lepidopteran
pests viz., bollworms, pod borers, stem borers, leaf eating caterpillars, hairy
Mode of supply
Supplied as parasitized host (corcyra cephalonica) eggs as “ Trichocards” safely
packed in packets, indicating the date of emergence of adult parasitoids. Each trichocard
contains 20,000 trichogramma parasitized eggs.
When to release
Commence releasing as soon as the adults of the pests are noticed in he field. Monitoring
activity of adult moths is possible using sex pheromone traps or light traps, whichever
How to release
Cut or tear each “Tricho card” in to small pieces and distribute them all over the
field. The pieces may be stapled to the under surface of the leaves o placed securely
in the leaf sheaths. The parasitoid on emergence disperses in search of host eggs.
Trichogramma must be released prior to egg hatch, hence one would have to accurately
predict moth occurrence and egg density to plan parasite release
Avoid using broad spectrum insecticides which are highly toxic to Trichogramma
Dosage / Hectar
No of Releases
45-90 days after transplanting
Early shoot bores & Stalk borer
4-6 at 10 days interval
60 days onwards
Top shoot borer
4-6 at 10 days interval
45th Day onwards
6 at weekly interval
45th Day onwards
6 at 10 days interval
45th Days after transplanting
6 at weekly interval
30 days after transplanting
6 at weekly interval
30 days after sowing
3 at weekly interval
To delay the emergence of adult Trichogramma, Tricho cards can be stored in refrigerator
at 10oC for 7 days. On removing the cards to room temperature, the parasitoids complete
their development and emerge normally.
- A single Trichogramma while multiplying itself can kill over 100 eggs of the pests
- Periodical release of Trichogramma results in killing the pest even before they
- The parasite searches and kills the host eggs which are otherwise inaccessible
to conventional insecticidal sprays
- Use of tricho cards can bring down the spray
of expensive chemical insecticides, and there by avoid the ill effects of pesticides
Neem based enterprises are eco-friendly and are preferred in organic farming and
hence gained importance due to safety concerns in food manufacturing industry owing
to presence of unprecedented/ toxic levels of pesticides/chemical residues in the
food products in addition to enhancing the soil health and fertility. Neem (Azadirachta
indica) is not only known for its herbal medicines and environmental friendly organic
pesticides. In the agricultural sector, the applications of neem occupied major
role for all crops as an important component of organic farming, as an organic pesticide
and insecticide in integrated pest management system and organic agriculture.
Neem based pesticides and insecticides help to control the pests by altering their
life cycle and feeding habits. The active ingredient of neem extract contains azadirachtin.
Pest control using extracts from the Neem. Currently. Neem oil has proved its importance
in treating of hair fall, dandruff, lice and early graying of hairs in many countries
throughout the world.
Neem Cake has multiple effects on the soil in controlling soil borne fungi, nematodes
besides providing nutrition. The effects also last for the subsequent year. Hence,
farmers may be encouraged to use Neem cake as much as possible.
Important Target Pests for Neem Products
White fly, Aphids, American boll warm, Tobacco caterpiller
White fly, Aphids, American boll warm, Tobacco caterpiller
Green leaf hopper ( Jassids)
Tomato, Cabbage, Cauliflower
Common Fruit borer, white fly dimond backmoth, head borer,
Leaf hppper, brown plant hopper
Leaf minor, tobacco caterpiller
Lemon( Acid lime)
Red Hairy Caterpiller
Mode of application
Dosage: 450 ml per acre
Dilution: 5 ml per 1 ltr water
Frequency: twice during crop period
However for better effect and feasibility, first apply leaf extract (neem, seethaphal,
karanja, vitex leaves) or Neem Seed solution (Vepa Kashaya). Subsequently, when
eggs of pest start appearing, apply neem oil. Ensure the spray reaches both sides
of the leaves and stem of the plant.
General Tips for use of Neem Products
Encourage farmers to collect and store neem seed during May-June to meet their requirement
during the Kharif season. When the pest incidence is severe, Neem products have
to be supplemented with chemical pesticides. Use Neem products preferably in the
morning or evening. Use of emulsifier is must when neem oil is used. Use only cold
expelled neem oil. Use neem formulations from approved manufacturers only. Neem
Cake has multiple effects in the soil in controlling soil borne fungi, nematodes
besides providing nutrition. The effects also last for the subsequent year. Hence,
farmer should be encouraged to use neem cake as much as possible.
Other Plant Products
Products used julst like Neem
50 gm seed powder in one ltr with emulsifier
Need plus pongamia more effective than individually
Fresh leaf extract (50 gm in one litre)
Seed extract (50 gm in one litre)
Oil 5 ml in one litre
Oil extraction at farmer level not recommended.
Machinery Required: Oil Expeller, Pulverers, Neem Seed Decordicator, Neem
Seed Cleaner, Weighing Machine
Home Based Products
Viral pesticides are , bio-pesticides that offer tremendous livelihood options in
promotion of organic product manufacturing, pollution control, ecological restoration,
enhancement of soil fertility providing livelihood security, food safety , nutritional
security leading to sustainable rural development. There is a great demand for the
organic food products both nationally and internationally .as they fetch whose profits
to the entrepreneurs.
Baculo viruses are naturally occurring insect pathogens. Because of their host-specificity
and safety to non-target organisms, are ideal candidates for use as microbial insecticides
in pest management in several field. Baculo viruses are of two types: NucleoPolyhedro
viruses (NPVs) and Granuloviruses (GVs) based on the type of occlusion body formed.
Baculo viruses are named on the basis of the host insect species from which they
were first isolated. For example, HaNPV, SINPV and AjGV.
Baculoviruses are Eco – friendly
Beculo viruses have no equivalent virus that infects plants or vertebrates. They
have been shown to have no negative impacts on plants, mammals, birds, fish, or
even on non-target insects (parasites and predators). This is especially desirable
when beneficial insects are being conserved to aid in an overall IPM programme,
or when an ecologically sensitive area is being treated. This group of viruses is
therefore considered safe and ecologically acceptable for use. These viruses are
excellent candidates for species – specific narrow spectrum insecticidal applications.
Baculoviruses are available as aqueous suspensions in water. The preparation contains
known number of occlusion bodies indicated as polyhedral occlusion bodies (POBs)
or Polyhedral Inclusion Bodies (PIBs). The storable formulation usually does not
contain any other ingredients except the filtered virus prepared from ground diseased
larvae. Contaminants, mostly bacteria that are not human pathogens, are present
at levels below permissible limits. Baculo virus formulation should be stored under
cool dark conditions for prolonged storage upto 1 year to preserve efficacy and
Field use recommendations
Number of appl. Per crop season
Helicoverpa armigera (gram pod borer / American bollworm)NPV
Flower Initiation, 50% flowering and peak flowering
2-3 at 10-14 days interval
30 DAS and flowering
2-3 at 07-12 days interval
3 at 7 days interval
1-2 at 10 days interval
250 – 500
3-4 at 7-10 days interval
Spodotera litura (tobacco caterpiller or leaf worm) NPV
Tobacco Vegetables Ground nut Cotton
250 – 500
1-3 application at 7-14 days interval
Achaea janata (Semilooper) (GV)
35-75 days after sowing
2 sprays first applied between 35-50 days and second at 60-75 days crop age based
on pest incidents
Key to effective control
- Apply spray in the evening hours to avoid inactivation of virus by sunlight
- Use high volume sprayer to wet the plants thoroughly but not to run-off
Ensure that both upper and lower leaf surface are covered with spray
the spray on flowers and new growth
- Ensure pH of water is neutral and not alkaline
Tank mix additives
- Use tank mix additives such as fabric whitener (robin blue/ranipal/tinopal) as UV
protectant @ 5ml per tank (10 liter capacity) and jaggery as feeding stimulant @50
g per tank (10 liter capacity). HaNPV application in cotton is effective when mixed
with boric acid (3g/l).
- Use wetting agent (Apsa or Sandovit or Triton-X -100)@
5ml for every 15 liters spray fluid
- Baculo viruses can be mixed just before
spray with fungicides such as mancozeb and copper oxy chloride.
General filed use guidelines
First mix jaggery in about 10 liters of water in a bucket and then add robin blue/tinopal
and virus suspension. Mix thoroughly before the spray. The spray synergistically
brings down the pest population more quickly and effectively.
Tribal Jewellery and Pearls Processing
Home based products are emerged as livelihood option for many of the rural household
women being competitive in the market due to insignificant overhead charges. Home-based
products include a range of products like sanitary acids, phenyl, scented phenyl,
dish wash powder, hand wash liquid, detergent, candle making, agarbathis etc. The
technology could be used throughout the year and it’s not seasonal in nature.
Machinery Required: Liquid Mixing Machine, Bottle Filler (2-way Type), Cap
Sealing Machine, Powder Mixing Machine (with SS Body, 100 Kg Mixing Capacity, 3HP
Motor, Vertical Type Bottom Opening, MS Frame), Cover Sealing Machine (rotary Type),
Cover Sealing Machine (Bench Type, Pedastal Operated), Cover Sealing Machine (Hand
Type), Mixing Machine (Sigma Type 200 Kg capacity, 7.5 HP Motor, V-Belt Drive, MS
Body), Extruder (Plodder, Size-6 Inches, 7.5 HP Motor, MS Body), Power Cutting Machine
(0.5 HP Motor, SS Top, MS Frame Bottom with adjustable blades)
Bee Keeping and Honey Processing
The tribal jewelry making has occupied a very important place as a livelihood option
in present scenario for the artisans by looking into the growing market demand for
all types of jewelry by the urban consumers . Of late a trend has been created in
the market as artificial jewelry has captured the market of the natural jewelry.
This has been due to the creative and innovativeness that has engrossed among the
youths. The unit features of this type of jewelry are that it showcases the rare
design of mouldings of tribal and latest design.
Raw materials: Oxide white metal, thread beads, corundum (ruby), stone crystal,
Emerald, Emithis, copper, brass and silver wire for winding white metal wires, pearl,
natural dyes yarn and jewelry accessories
- Chemical Standard M.S. Tank
- Chemicals filter machine (cleaning and separation)
- Rectifier 20 Amps
Air pump (Agitation) Multistage
- Titanium heater
- Pearl sorting table
- Pearl drilling machine
- Pearl polishing
- Tool kits
- Glass exposing unit and cooker
Gold, Silver, copper oxidizing and Polishing
The process of electroplating starts from buffing the metal and cleansing thoroughly
anti-particles on metal, then comes the process of nickel plating by dipping the
article in a tank (150 liters, capacity) with mixture of nickel salt and nickel
plate, at a heating point of 60 to 70 ‘C’ degrees heat by using rectifiers. The
final process of gold covering is done by dipping the article in a 3 ltr glass beaker
at a heating point of 100 degrees heat, and then the article has to be dried in
2000 volts heater.
Necklace, bracelet, anklets, coin jewelry with white metal and thread bead, vishnu
chakra mala with pearls, payals, navaratna mala, chains and oxidized necklace, coin
jewelry with goddess, ear rings with white metal coin metals with gold, silver,
Hand Made Soap Making
Bees collect nectar from flowers and covert it in to honey. Honey is stored in the
combs. Since ancient times honey is recognized as the most nourishing and energizing
health food. Honey heals the body internally and externally. Honey is rich in nutrients
and has easily digestible sugars (such as glucose and fructose), which are quickly
absorbed by the body. Honey also contains minerals, enzymes and various vitamins
that inhibit the growth of bacteria and make the body to infections resistant. Consumption
of honey instantly gives strength and energy.
Bes produce Royal Jelly in glands situated at their mouth parts to feed the larvae.
This special food makes the young queen larvae grow fast and develops them into
queens. Taking royal jelly as its food the queen bee gains double its body weight
and can lay up to 2000 eggs each day. Royal Jelly contains fat, proteins vitamins
like B1, B2 and has antibiotic properties. Royal Jelly naturally activates the male
and female hormones alike and therefore increases potency. Regular consumption of
Royal Jelly helps to regenerate the body cells and protects the body against abnormal
cell growth such as cancer and infections of joints and muscles. Medical science
has proven that Royal Jelly is a very valuable natural food.
Bees carry Pollen grains from flowers to their hive in pollen baskets on the hind
legs. Besides having highly nutritious, bee Pollen stimulates the forming of antibodies
that help to make the body healthy and strong and retains the elasticity to the
skin and therefore keeps us younger. Pollen contains vitamin B-complex, vitamin
– E, 28 mineral salts essential for our body. Pollen improves body immunity, which
helps fight allergies, cold, fever and rheumatism. It regulates the blood pressure
as well as cholesterol.
Monofloral honey i.e. from a single type of flower like Sun Flower, Jamun, Cotton,
Mustard, Coriander, Lime, Eucalyptus, Rubber, Litchi and Neem etc., may have characteristic
flavors and aromas. But, their sweetening power is the same. However, a few floral
types of honey, which are very rich in fructose, may taste some what sweeter. There
are more than 300 plant species that provides nectar worldwide
Color & Flavor
Honey’s color and flavor vary with its nectar source. The color of honey varies
from water white to dark amber. The color of honey is related to its mineral content
and is characteristic of its floral source. Light colored honey typically has a
mild flavor, while dark colored honey usually has strong flavor.
Honey’s viscosity is dependent upon its water content, temperature and floral source.
The viscosity of honey decreases rapidly as temperature rises.Except all physical
properties i.e. Color, Flavor, Taste and Viscosity, unifloral and multifloral honey’s
have same gross chemical composition.
Honey stored in sealed containers can remain stable for decades and even centuries.
However, honey is susceptible to changes during storage, it tends to darken and
lose its aroma and flavor, when stored at high temperatures. Honey can be kept at
room temperature in air-tight containers. Crystallization or Granulation is a natural
phenomenon. Storing honey in a refrigerator accelerates the crystallization. If
honey crystallizes, it should b kept in sun or in warm water until the crystals
dissolve. Do not boil or heat the honey directly over a flame.
Leaf Plate Making Unit
Handmade Herbal soap preparation has emerged as a potential livelihood option in
view of the growing demand for the use of herbal products. Handmade soap differs
from industrial soap in that, usually, an excess of fat is used to consume the alkali,
and that the glycerin is not removed, leaving a naturally moisturizing soap and
not pure soap. Super fatted soap, which contains excess fat, is more skin friendly
than industrial soap, though if too much fat is added, it can leave users with a
“greasy” feel to their skin.
Handmade soap retains extra glycerin, known to soften the skin naturally. Glycerin
is one of the best known humectants (attracts moisture to the skin). It is often
extracted during the process of manufacturing commercially made soap, then sold
as a valuable by-product. Natural ingredients are rarely used in commercially manufactured
soap. If used at all, it is sparingly.
Machinery Required: Reaction vessel SS 304, Frames, Cutting Machine, Trays,
Boiler run on bio-diesel/brickets, Manual stamping machine, Manual wrapping machine,
water softener and laboratory equipment
Leaf Plate Making has become an important livelihood option for many of the rural
households in the tribal areas of AP, Orissa, MP, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Bihar.
Abundantly available forest based products like leaves of beautia superba, beautia
monosperma, sheets of arcent palm and bauhinia frondosa (Sal Leaves or Seali Leaves
) are used to make small cups and plates for serving and packaging food stuffs.
The existing products made by rural craft men are very poor in physical strength
and far from clean and hygienic. There is good scope for self employment for rural
and tribal people with the reasonable investment to manufacture improved leaf cup
and plate with the help of a machine. The leaf cups and plates prepare can be found
in hotels, railway catering and temples. These machines are in use in AP, Orissa,
MP, Chhattisgarh and they have been accepted by the traders and consumers due to
its cost effectiveness and hygienic consideration and as a replacement to the traditional
handmade leaves and other paper products.
With the availability of abundant raw material from forest and agricultural products,
cotton or polyester thread and LDPE coated paper or LDPE coated corrugated board
or a thin LDPE sheet, polyethylene bags are required to pack the finished goods.
Leaf stitching machine modal LSM 1, Motor Operated Single Die Machine with Electrical
Methods of making Leaf Plates and Cups
- Raw Leaves are collected from the forest by the rural women or men. Leaves are dried
in sun or shade (proper care should be taken while the leaves are drying sufficiently,
to avoid fungal attack)
- Over drying of leaves should be avoided as they become
- Initially the leaves are stitched on duly modified stitching machine
to get a desired shape and size of (6” diameter to 18” diameter)
- LDPE coated
paper is placed at the bottom of the same sized thread stitched leaf and pressed
at 120 degree c heated die for 5-6 seconds to obtain the desired shape
going for production of leaf plates the leaves are to be given treatment of moisture
observant up to 30% (a wet gunny wrapper is to be wrapped on the leaves the day
before or 2 hrs before going for production) for more flexibility and deep folding.
These treated leaves are wiped with a clean cloth to remove dust, dart and are kept
in a polyethylene bag to avoid drying before they are used.
- Through chick of
moisture before packing the finished product leaf plates.
- Sheet of arcent palm
leaves can also be pressed in the same moulding machine
- These leaves are available
n particular season in forest areas, during this period the rural woman has to satire
maximum quantity of leaves. In case of shortage of raw leaves artificial non biodegradable
polyester fill can be replaced to meet the market demand and the livelihood of the
Advantages of the Technology
- Women with minimum participation of men can run the unit in a progressive way
- Leaves are stitched on duly modified stitching machine to get a desired shape and
- Manually operated with minimum power consumption
- Moulding, trimming,
pressing and drying are done in once single operation by pressing the liver of the
- 300 to 1500 volt of heater is required to generate heating
the die. For better quality of production lock the pedal and heat the die for 30
- Single semiskilled operator and a healer can prepare 250 to 300 plates
/ cups hour
- Heating up to 120 to 150 degree c for about 6-8 sec in sufficient
to sterilize the product and does not required any fungicidal spray.
- About 60%
free micro bacteria are assured
- 100% free micro bacteria are assured by adopting
chemical sterilization process
The value added food processing unit is one of the unit in RTP whose major thrust area to promote the livelihood for the agriculture sector and is included in the approved list of technologies, mainly to promote the technologies involved in making various food products. The food products produced are made from the different agro products and many other ingredients and preservatives are added to enhance its taste and life. These products are in high demand and are made in various states like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, UP, HP and North Eastern States and so on, based on the same agro food availability. There are various products which can be produced such as tomato sauce, tomato puree, chilli sauce, soya sauce, viniger – non fruit, jam, juice, jelly, noodles making, pickles and ginger garlic paste. The products are an important value addition food technology which can be taken by NGOs, SHGs and Individuals as an income generation activity. The products being produced have an excellent demand in market especially in the fast food centre, restaurants and others.
Advantages of the Technology
- The capital required for starting the unit not too high as there is more potential for the processed food products
The raw materials are easily available in the local market, as well the process of making the products are very simple and easy to understand
Women with minimum participation of men can run the entire unit in a progressive way
Gender friendly, minimum consumption of power, depending upon food products intended to be prodeced and enhanced the livelihood by increasing income of rural as well as urban people
Before starting the unit one has to under go training for minimum duration one week – three weeks
The food products having a life of two years by utilizing different ingredients as prepservatives
Less manpower required i.e. only 6 for 10 MT per annum
Transfer of technology is very easy especially for the rural women who can be easily trained about this technology and start their own unit with a minimum investment
Machinery and Equipment required
- Steam Boiler
Cork Sealing Machine
Aluminum Top Table
Soya Based Value Added Products
This is one of the promising technologies that has potential for enhancement income and employment generation for of rural women as well as for their urban counterparts . It has been observed during our survey covering 150 women of urban population during the training programme conducted in collaboration with the partners of RTP, NIRD, that there is lack of awareness related and access of bead jewelry, types and uses of bead jewelry in the urban population. It was also found out that there was extremely limited availability of these beads and fashion jewelry made with such beads in Andhra Pradesh and other States of the Country. Based on our experience in various exhibitions, it was found that there seem to be great demand of such products even locally. Fashion jewelry, training cum production unit has been established in the RTP. This unit has been successfully running its production in RTP. The products produced include necklaces, earrings, rings and anklets. The products are prepared by using various types beads like bone, glass and chemicals
The goal of organization is to offer a value driven technological based, educational and vocational training for individuals with special needs and disabilities who will be empowered and enabled to become more active and quasi to fully self sustained populace.
The skills which can be beneficial in developing rural disabled beneficiaries were:
- Skill development related to Jewelry making
Marketing and Merchandizing
Creative skills enhancement
The making and usage of bead jewelry is a practice adopted since ancient period of history. Indian jewelry is world famous and some of the most gorgeous ornaments from India are to be found to be in the jewelry lines of private Indian jewelry designers. Since then a variety of material has been used to make beads which have in turn been used to make jewelry. Some of the popular kinds of bead jewelry are:
Glass bead / shell / metal bead / crystal / ceramic / woden bead / pearl / clay bead / paper bead / gemstone bead / plastic bead / bone / horn / ivory / coral / resin bead / seed bead / rudraksha bead / myrrh bead
These beads are then designed and made into various jewelry like necklace, earrings, rings, anklets etc.
Women with even without the minimum dependence on men can run the entire unit in progressive way
Transfer of Technology
Rural women can be easily trained, there is no academic background required for this purpose and starts their own unit with the minimum investment
The unit does not consume any power for manufacturing the jewelry
The following two types of courses are offered by International Special Needs Institutuion (ISNI) Trust
It’s a preliminary/basic course in beads stringing, which teaches all about jewelry findings and bead and also how to make own necklaces, bracelets and earrings with duration of 15 days
Giving tools to manufacture by exploring and designing of own products and it prepares an individual for making a career in jewelry making with duration of 2 months.
Textile Garment & Fashion Designing
Value addition of Soya based products as Enterprises provide another livelihood option in many of the soya growing states in Central India. Soya based products have high superior nutritive value by virtue of its inherent essential amino acids profile. Further, the polysaturated faty acids present in the soya products helps in regualtion of ‘blood pressure’.
The Soya based products being produced can have an excellent demand in market especially in exporting to the Super markets, General Stores etc. Some of the popular soya bean products include Soya Tomato chips, Soya Palak chips, Flour, Chutneys, Soya Besan, Soya Khankra, Soya masala nuts, Soya ready to eat snacks (in different varities), Soya curd chilly, Soya milk and milk products etc.
Soya bean products are becoming increasingly popular throughout the world as a major food because of their nutritive values and health protective properties.
Soya bean products are becoming increasingly popular throughout the world as a major food because of their nutritive values and health protective properties.
Soya Tomato Chips
Red Chilli Powder
Cut the Tomatos in pieces and mixes all the ingredients in hot water and mixes it
well. After mixing give a steam for fifteen minutes roll it and cut in different
sizes and shapes and dry it.
Soya Palak Chips
Cut the Palak and green chilli in to pieces and mix all the ingredients in hot water.
After mixing well give a steam for fifteen minutes and roll it and cut it in different
sizes and shapes and dry it.
Soya Milk and Tafu Machine, Floor kneading and roll making machine, commercial gas stove, weighing machine, round plastic bucket/pail, pulveriser, semi and automatic papad making machine, sealing machine.
It is one of the potential income generating livelihood options for many of the youth , women and artisans self- employment / job oriented skilled work . Textile Garments & Fashion Designing, Training cum Production Unit has been established in the Rural Technology Park with the objective to impart the Fashion Industry Based self employment/job oriented skill trainings for women / SHGs . The areas covered under the programme are:
Dress Designing & Tailoring
Aari & Zardosi
Tie & Dye
The Uniqueness of these trainings is that even illiterate/semiliterate can get trained well and can also start their own ventures.
Technology Production, tools and equipments
Fashion industry based self- employment / job oriented skill works units can be started by adopting traditional methods blended with basic modernized technology of hand-wok and machine sewing / tailoring. Fashion Designing, Training cum production unit at RTP is well equipped to provide production related technology pertaining to fashion industry in both small and large scale. Garments of children and adults and fashionable accessories and hand/machine work.
Training Program Content
In the Tailoring and Fashion Designing training programme students will be given extensive training and practice on skill techniques for making various patterns of garments. It starts from drawing work of a selected garment pattern, designing, measurement, bodice block, sleeve block, collar block, sleeve block, collar block, drafting, cutting, tacking to the last sewing (by using ¼ scale on paper, c.m. scale on hand made/brown sheet paper and on cloth actual size on brown sheet and cloth material at each step) and thereafter attaching accessories and, finally finishing And for all other skill training programs also step wise techniques and practical are designed in such a fashion that trainees will have hands on approach to machinery and equipment applications and gain confidence for using their learned skills for a higher degree of better performance.Personality development is the integral part of all the training programmes for developing better skills and impression of an individual which in turn paves the way for success in personal, social and professional lives.
Setting up a unit / marketing of products / services
The technology partner provides guidance about loans available under govt. schemes and also assist trained SHGs / women to start a new unit and helps for marketing linkages for her / their products / service both trade and institutional.
RTP Skill Development Training Programmes
You are welcome to come back for:
Name of the Training Programmes
Training Course on Preparation of Neem, Vermi Compost and Vermi wash liquid
Training Course on Mushroom Cultivation and Mushroom Products
Training course on “Cost-Effective Rural Housing construction Technologies”
Training course on “Preparation of Different Soya Products”
Training Course on “ Food Processing by using Solar Energy”
Training Course on “Home Based Products”
Training Course On “Solar Lights Assembling , Maintenance and Management”
Training course on “Leaf plate making”
Training course on “ Conversion of Handmade Paper in to value added products Bags”
Training course on “Preparation Methods of Herbal beauty care Products”
Training Course on Product Development from Tribal Jewellery blended with Pearls
and Fashion Jewellery
Training course on “Bee keeping for promotion of livelihood”
Training on Hands on training with Tube light Reglowing technology
Training course on “ Natural Dye Process”
- Exposure visits
- Skill and Entrepreneurship Development Programmes
- Technology Demonstration
- Technical support services & Guidelines
Rural Technology Park
National Institute of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj
Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030. Phone: 9848780277, Telefax: 040-29702064/62