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S.R. Sankaran Chair (Rural Labour)

Centre's Mandate :

S.R. Sankaran Chair (Rural Labour) has been instituted at the National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRD&PR), Hyderabad by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), in honour of legendary civil servant Shri S.R. Sankaran.


The objective of the chair is to promote research on issues that would enhance understanding and help in improving the world of work and the life of rural labour. Collaborative research, seminars, workshops and policy dialogues involving institutions, organisations, policy makers and other stakeholders with similar objectives, and placing the results in the larger public domain through working papers, articles in learned journals, books and policy briefs are part of the activities set out for the Chair.


The chair has been conducting research activities in collaborative mode on issues of rural poor, marginalised groups, women workers, labour mobility and housing condition for rural poor. It has been organising national and international seminars and public lectures by inviting eminent social scientists, focusing on burning issues of rural labour.

The chair has been disseminating the ideas of S.R. Sankaran concerning the rural poor and the marginalised through publishing public lectures delivered by eminent scholars, proceedings of the conference/seminar, working papers, policy brief and books. Some of research and other activities are given below:

Research Studies (Completed)

  • 'Changing Perspectives of Women Work and Decline in Labour Force Participation of Rural Females in India,' with an objective to understand the declining work participation among rural female labourers and the probable reasons behind the decline in three States of Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • 'Changing Contractual Arrangements of Rural Labour Market in India,' the key objective is to understand the factors including public action contributing for the changes in the nature of labour relations and its implications for labour households in rural India in three States -Haryana, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.
  • 'Interlinking of Markets in Tribal Areas and Their Implications on Livelihoods of the Tribal Population,' with an objective to understand the dynamics of development in tribal areas and the role of institutions in two States of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.
  • ‘Migration from Western Odisha to Brick Kilns in Andhra Pradesh’, in collaboration with School of Economics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad.
  • ‘Housing for Rural Poor in India with special reference to Kerala’, in partnership with Laurie Baker Centre for Habitat Studies, Thiruvananthapuram.
  • ‘Migration of Rural Labour in Hill Regions: A Case of Uttarakhand’, in collaboration with V. V. Giri Institute of Development Studies, Lucknow.
  • 'Comparative Study of Rural-Urban Migration in India and China – with Special Reference to Temporary Circular Rural-Urban Migration', in collaboration with the China Centre for Urban-Rural Studies (CCURDS), East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai in China, and Centre for Development Alternatives (CFDA), Ahmedabad, Institute for Development Alternatives (IDA), Chennai and Hyderabad Urban Lab, Hyderabad, undertaken by the SRSC.
  • 'A Village Study in Telangana,' the key objective is to understand the changing Socio -Economic scenario of rural area in a village in undivided Medak district of Telangana State.


  • National Seminar on “Changing Perspective of Rural Finance and Financial Inclusion of Rural Poor” was held during 28-29 April, 2017. The seminar was graced by more than 30 delegates including experts, policy makers and civil society organization. The keynote address was delivered by Dr. Arvind Mayaram, IAS (Retired), Chairman, CUTS (Consumer Unity & Trust Society) Institute for Regulation and Competition and ex-Finance Secretary to Government of India. Shri.G.R.Chintala, Chief General Manager, NABARD delivered the inaugural address. Shri.Vijay Mahajan, founder CEO BASIX Social Enterprise Group, Member of the Rangarajan Committee on Financial inclusion and Member of the Raghuram Rajan Committee on Financial Sector Reforms delivered the Valedictory address.
  • National Seminar on “Governance, Resources and Livelihoods of Adivaiss in India: Implementation of PESA and FRA” was held during 18-19 November 2016 at NIRD&PR, Hyderabad. Shri.Ch.Vidyasagar Rao , the Hon’ble Governor of Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu was the chief guest and Mr. Tevita G. Boseiwaqa Tagniavulau, Director General of Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific (CIRDAP) was the Guest of Honour during the Inaugural Session. About 40 delegates including distinguished scholars, prominent young researchers, civil society organizations and former administrators were presented papers and participated in the national seminar. Prof.K.B.Saxena gave the keynote address and Prof.C.H.Hanumatha Rao; Honorary professor delivered the valedictory lecture. It was presided over by Prof. Amit Bhaduri, Professor in Pavia University, Italy and Emeritus Professor in JNU, New Delhi.
  • National Seminar on ‘Dynamics of Rural Labour Market in India’ was held during 10 - 12 March, 2016 at NIRD&PR, Hyderabad. About 32 presentations by experts and young scholars from different parts of India, from various disciplines were held. Prof. C. H. Hanumantha Rao gave the inaugural address, while keynote and valedictory addresses were delivered by Prof. S. Mahendra Dev of IGIDR, Mumbai and Prof. Y.K. Alagh, respectively.
  • International Conference on ‘Labour and Employment Issues in the Context of Emerging Rural-Urban Continuum’ was held during 12 - 14 March, 2015. Eminent scholars from India and abroad participated. Scholars from China (East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai), Netherlands, Switzerland and UK presented papers. Inaugural address was rendered by Prof. S. R. Hashim. Keynote address was given by Prof. Jan Breman and valedictory address was delivered by Prof. Ashwani Saith.
  • National Seminar on ‘Labour Market and Issues of Adivasis in India’ was held during 22 - 23 January, 2015 at NIRD&PR, Hyderabad. Inaugural address was given by Prof. C. H. Hanumantha Rao. Keynote address was delivered by Prof. Virginius Xaxa of TISS and valedictory address was given by Prof. Dev Nathan of IHD, New Delhi.

Invited Public Lectures

  • Professor Vishwanath Pandit, former Professor, Delhi School of Economics and former Vice Chancellor, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning Prasanthi Nilayam, Ananthapur (Dt), Andhra Pradesh, on 'Ethics Oriented Economic Policy' on 13th February, 2017.
  • Prof. V. K. Ramachandran, Professor, Economic Analysis Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore, on ‘Aspects of Proletarianisation in Rural India’, 16th October, 2015.
  • Prof. Amit Bhaduri, Emeritus Professor, CESP, JNU, New Delhi, on ‘Development by Dispossession’ on 16th April, 2015.
  • Prof.Jan C.Breman on “Social Security for the Working Classes in the Context of Global Economy” held on January 21, 2013; in collaboration with CESS, Hyderabad.
  • Prof. Roger Jeffery on ‘Trust and the Indian Pharmaceuticals Industry” held on 5th December, 2012.
  • Prof. Barbara Harriss-White on “Innovation in the informal Economy” held on 15th November, 2012.

Panel Discussion/Symposium

  • “Inclusive Growth and Marginalised Groups in India held during October 21, 2016 on the eve of Shri.S.R.Sankaran Birthday. The event was presided over by Dr.W.R.Reddy, Director General, NIRD&PR. The Panelists were Prof.S.Galab, Director at Centre for Economic and Social Studies (CESS), Hyderabad, Prof. Gopinath Reddy, Professor at CESS, Prof. Swarna S.Vepa, Adjunct Professor at CESS, Prof. Indrakanth, RBI Chair Professor, Council for Social Development, Hyderabad and Dr. G.Sreedevi, Assistant Professor, School of Economics, University of Hyderabad.
  • “Emerging Dynamics of Rural Labour Market in India during 57th Indian Society of Labour Conference held on October 12, 2015 at Srinagar.
  • “Changing Pattern of Employment Relations in Rural Labour Market in India” during 56th ISLE Conference held during 18-20 December, 2014 at IHD, Ranchi
  • “Prohibition of Employment of as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Bill “ 22nd October, 2013.
  • A Book Release Function (titled “Marginalisation, Development and Resistance: Essays in Tribute to S.R.Sankaran , Edited by K.B.Saxena and G.Haragopal was held on 22nd October, 2013.
  • “Rural Labour in India: Emerging Issues & Perspectives in collaboration with Indian Society of Labour was held on 19-12-2012 at Varanasi.


  • Working Papers
    • Employment Setback in Rural Odisha: An Empirical Enquiry - Partha Pratim Sahu and Kailash Sarap
    • Erosion of Access to Resource, Poverty and Public Action in the Tribal Belt of Central India – Kailash Sarap
    • Financial Inclusion of the Poor and Marginalised: Why State Supported Bank-Linked SHGs Emerge as a Clear Choice over MFIs? - D. N. Reddy
    • Rural Poor and Access to Land: Andhra Pradesh Experience of Administrative Initiatives in Augmenting Land Resources of Scheduled Castes - D.N. Reddy
    • Rural Labour in India: Emerging Issues and Perspectives: Towards an Agenda for Research - T. S. Papola, Brajesh Jha, A. V. Jose, Padmini Swaminathan, Ajit Ghose, K. P. Kannan, Sucha Singh Gill, Ravi Srivatsava, Judith Heyer, Amita Shah, J. Jeyaranjan, and D. N. Reddy.
    • Revisiting the Theme of Women as Workers and Women’s Work: Gender and Location as Significant Markers of Work Status - Padmini Swaminathan
    • Rural Non-farm Employment - Some Issues and Facts - Brajesh Jha
    • Changes in Wages and Earnings of Rural Labourers - A. V. Jose
  • SRSC Public Lecture Series
    • Ethics Oriented Economic Policy - Vishwanath Pandit – April, 2017
    • Development by Dispossession - Amit Bhaduri – April 2015
  • SRSC Conference/Seminar Address Series
    • Rural Labour in India: Processes and Policy Options - C.H. Hanumantha Rao, S. Mahendra Dev and Y. K. Alagh – March 2016
    • Adivasis in India: Issues of Livelihood and Labour Market, Public Action and Market Solutions - C.H. Hanumantha Rao, Virginius Xaxa and Dev Nathan – January, 2015
  • SRSC Conference / Seminar Proceedings/Policy Brief
    • Changing Perspective of Rural Finance and Financial Inclusion of Rural Poor – July 2017
    • Governance, Resources and Livelihoods of Adivasis in India: Implementation of PESA and FRA – March 2017
    • Dynamics of Rural Labour Relations in India – October 2016
    • Labour and Employment Issues in the Context of Emerging Rural - Urban Continuum: Dimension, Processes and Policies – March 2015
    • Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act 2008: Implementation Concerns – A Report – February, 2013
  • National Consultation on Labour Issues:
    • Panel Discussion on “Rethinking Working Class: Challenges in Indian Political Economy” held on 10th November, 2013.
    • Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act 2008: Implementation Concerns: A Report held on February 25-26, 2013.
  • Books
    • 'Adivasis in India: Resources, Livelihoods and Institutions', Bloomsbury, New Delhi, India- 2017 2. Structural Transformation and Dynamics of Labour Mobility,Springer Publisher , New York City- Under publication

Publications :

Housing Condition in Kerala With special focus on Rural areas and Socially Disadvantaged Sections.
Housing Condition in India With special focus on Rural Areas and Socially Disadvantaged Sections.
Proceedings of Seminar on 'Governance, Resources and Livelihoods of Adivasis in India: Implementation of PESA and FRA'.
Governance, Resources and Livelihoods of Adivasis in India: Implementation of PESA and FRA - Policy Brief.
Management Plans of CFR areas for Improved Governance of Forest and Tribal Villages through the Effective Use of Forest Rights Act in Vidarbha, Maharashtra.
A critical inquiry of the rule of PESA in Jharkhand
Implementation of the Forest Rights Act in the Protected Areas of Odisha
Securing Rights: Towards a Communitised Governance Regime
Working of Panchayats in PESA Areas of Odisha- A Study of Two Districts
Forest Rights Act 2006: After Ten Years
An Initial Assessment of Scheduled Tribe Sub Plan (TSP) Act, 2013 in Telangana and AP analyses the implementation of the above Act.
Governance, Resources and Livelihood of Adivasis of India: Implementation of PESA and FRA in Schedule Areas.
Web of ‘Legal Pluralism’ ‘Administrative Control’ and ‘Benign State’: Some Ethnographic Notes on the fate of PESA.
FRA Implementation in Gujarat‐ Challenges and Opportunities.
A brief note on functioning of PESA in Sundergarh district of Odisha.
Influence of Forest Devolution Policy on the Tribal Population of Chhattisgarh Due to Implementation of Forest Rights Act.
The Forest Rights Act and Beyond: Field Experiences from Chhattisgarh and Gujarat.
The politics of implementing Forest Rights Act in Sundarban, West Bengal: A Critical Analysis.
Forest Rights Act: Lessons from the Field.
Assessment of Implementation of Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Area (PESA) Act in Andhra Pradesh – A Case Study of Scheduled Village in Andhra Pradesh.
Status and Challenges of Individual Forest Rights Titleholders (in context of Andhra Pradesh).
Convergence of Schemes for Livelihood Promotion in FRA Lands: A Case Study of ITDA, Bhadrachalam in the Erstwhile Andhra Pradesh.
Tribal Poverty and Governance Issues in Maharashtra.
Interface of Tribal Self-Governance Institutions and Statutory Panchayats: A Study in the Scheduled Areas of Andhra Pradesh.
Contextualising the Conflict between Livelihood and Conservation: Implementation of FRA 2006 in Odisha.
Mining, Land acquisition and tribal rights: Does FRA secure that?
Tribes, Land and Forests: Emerging Legal Implications with reference to PESA and FRA
Gender crossroads – Towards gender affirmative action for Tribal rights and advancement through PESA and FRA Soma Kishore Parthasarathy.
Assessment of Implementation of Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Area (PESA) Act in Andhra Pradesh – A Case Study of Scheduled Village in Andhra Pradesh.
Tribal Agriculture in Paderu Region, Visakhapatnam: Some Observations.
Dynamics of Rural Labour Relations in India
Rural Labour in India : Processes and Policy Options
International Conference on "Labour and Employment Issues in the Context o Emerging Rural-Urban Continuum: Dimensions, Processes and Policies"
Adivasis in India: Issues of Livelihood and Labour Market, Public Action and Market Solutions. January, 2015
Development by Dispossession - Amit Bhaduri
Income and Income Inequality among Indian Rural Households.
Income and Income Inequality among Indian Rural Households.
Credit Labour Market Interlinkage in a Tribal Economy: A Case Study of Palamau.
Recent Developments In Gujarat Rural Labour Market: Critical Concerns.
Some Aspects of Dynamics in Rural Labour Market : Interface between Credit and Labour Markets.
Rural Employment Dynamics and Incidence of Poverty: Evidence based analysis from West Bengal.
Paper presented at the National seminar on Dynamics of Labour Relation in India, 10-12 March 2016 Rural Wage Labour in Western Tamil Nadu.
Labour Market Segmentation, Occupational Choice and Non-farm Rural Employment:Multinomial Logit Estimation in India.
Problems and Prospects of Livelihood Diversification Among the Mising and Sonowal Kachari Rural Tribes in Dibrugarh District of Assam.
Institutional Arrangement In Rural Urban Migration: A Case Study Of Migration To The Brick Kiln.
State of Rural Labour Markets in India.
Changing Perspectives of Women’s Work and Decline in Female Labour Force Participation Rate in Rural India:A Case of Odisha.
Dynamics of Rural Non-Farm Sector in Odisha:Issues & Dimensions.
Interlocked Markets in Rural Areas.
Down the Low-Road:Precarious Labour in a Stone Crushing Cluster, Odisha.
The labour market situation in South Asia: a slow and uncertain transformation.
Forms of Labour Contracts in Rural Areas: A Note from the Field.
Vanishing Work: Changing Employment Patterns in Rural India.
Changing Employment and Enterprise Structure in Gujarat: 1990-2005.
Rural Female Labour Force Participation in Andhra Pradesh: Insights from Field Survey.
Trends and Patterns of Male Out-Migration from Rural Uttar Pradesh.
Housing and Labour Relations in Rural Rajasthan: A Case Study of Long-Term Workers.
Inter-linkage of markets in Tribal Areas: An Exploratory Study of Causes and Consequences in Chhattisgarh.
Women's Work and Changing Workforce Participation in Rural Arunachal Pradesh:A View from the Field.
Features of Non-farm employment in Karnataka: Evidence from three villages.
Relative Significance of Female Labour Force across Rural India in the Aftermath of MGNREGS.
Changing the Pattern of Rural Labour Market : A Case Study of Andhra Pradesh.
Impact of 10 Years of MGNREGA : An Overview.
Impact of MGNREGA on Rural Agricultural Wages in SAT India.
How far has MGNREGP helped the Disadvantaged?
The Rural Labour Ratio:History, Mystery, Density and NREGS Policy.

Dr Kailash Sarap


Educational Qualifications : Ph.D , economics, (University of Delhi), Visiting Fellow University of Namur, Belgium, Common Wealth Fellow, University of Oxford.
Areas of Interest : Agrarian Relations, Rural Land and Labour Markets, Natural Resources and Access to credit.
Email : Kailashsarap.nird[at]
Phone : (+91) 040-24008516


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